Foot reconstruction is a surgery performed to correct the structures of the foot and restore the natural functionality of the foot that has been lost due to injury or illness. Ideally, any foot surgery for reconstruction is done to improve the appearance and function of the foot so that patients can maintain their quality of life.
The foot is formed by several bones, ligaments, joints and muscles, which function collectively to control the various movements like walking and running. This complicated structure of the foot permits them to resist heavy forces every day. As the feet are a common area for wounds and injuries, they are susceptible to various mistreatments in the form of ill-fitting shoes, sports injuries, work-related trauma, or the strain of walking. Various outside forces tend to harm the feet and cause pain and discomfort.
A variety of reconstructive procedures are designed to treat many foot disorders and restore your foot back to its original health and function. Following are the indications:
- Common foot ailments like bunions or hammertoes
- Postural deformity such as severe flat feet
- Difficulty wearing shoes
- Problems with standing or other movements of the foot
- Fractures sustained as a result of accident/trauma
- Athletic injuries like Achilles tendon tears, foot/ankle fractures, ligament injuries and several others
- Plantar fasciitis, a common cause of heel pain
- Heel and bone spurs
- Joint or bone deformities due to arthritis
- Tumors and lesions
- Metabolic disease such as diabetes
The primary objectives of foot reconstruction are reduction of pain and restoration of function and appearance. The surgery to be performed depends on several factors such as the age of the individual, type of foot disorder, and severity and duration of the symptoms.